Edward Snowden: The Prisoner of Our Times
In my previous blog about Privacy in a connected world , I concluded that the meaning of privacy will be a big discussion in the coming years. A prominent player in this discussion is Edward Snowden. Last week, I attended the dutch premiere of the movie Snowden. This premiere was followed by a live webcast interview with him.
Edward Snowden has been working for the CIA and NSA. In 2013, he revealed information to three journalists about mass surveillance programs which were run by the NSA in full co-operation with telecom companies and European governments. These programs, like PRISM, were focused on collecting, as much data as possible about business and private communication around the world, without the requirement of a specific suspicion. His disclosures have fueled debates over mass surveillance, government secrecy and the balance between national security and information privacy. The USA government wants to arrest him for espionage while he regards himself as a whistleblower.
In June 2013, he flew from Hongkong to Moscow with the intention to travel to Equador but since the USA authorities canceled his passport he had to stay in Russia since then.
The full coverage of the interview can be found here (the sound is bad in the beginning but will improve). He addresses some interesting topics which I would like to share and react upon.
About the importance of privacy
“Privacy is not about something to hide, it’s about something to protect. It’s the foundation of all other rights. Freedom of speech doesn’t mean very much if you can’t try out among friends in a safe secure environment”
“Saying: “if you have nothing to hide, you have nothing to fear” is like you don’t care about free speech because you have nothing to say”.
“Privacy is not intended for the majority; they don’t need it that much. Minorities do. People who think different; people which are vulnerable; people who don’t fit in, even if a small way.”
I must admit that until recently I felt I did not need to worry too much about privacy since I had nothing to hide. But I think different now. I don’t want to live in a panopticon where I am never sure whether I am looked at or listened to. But sadly it seems our society is rapidly moving in that direction.
About the power of governments
“We are never further than a single election away from a change in government, from a change in the way the powers that we have put in our systems, are used”
“Do we want governments to be so powerfull that every deviation from what is allowed is noticed? Such a government would block all progress since positive changes in laws always start by violating existing laws.”
I think he addresses an important issue here. In a connected world where almost everything and every human action can be measured, every deviation from “average” will be noticed. This may lead to a society in which people don’t dare to deviate from what is regarded as “normal”. Again, that is not a society I would like to live in because the people who deviate are the ones who achieve progress and bring color.
About the role of an individual
“What can you do as an individual:
- Encrypt your devices
- Use two-factor authentication
- Use Tor for browsing the internet”
But every individual should not have to study this to be safe”
If you want to secure your privacy nowadays you have to be either a security expert or a loner who doesn’t use any digital devices. Presumably, however, the majority of people, including me, will never be one of the kinds.
About the responsibility of the technology sector
“While Internet was intended to empower, it is increasingly used to disempower.”
“For a company, the best way to prevent being forced to handover information to a government is to not collect information that you do not need, like app provider Signal does.”
“What if we change the way we look at electronic communication so that every message is protected by default?”
“Solutions are found by realizing these things matter. The Tor-protocol is the first version of tooling hiding also meta-communication.”
In my view, this implies a huge responsibility for IT professionals. We are the ones who are able to use our knowledge in order to put this item on the political and social agenda. And by doing so working towards finding solutions.
You may perceive Snowden as a traitor or as a hero. However, I do think he is bringing an important message which deserves serious attention from IT professionals.
About André Helderman
André Helderman has studied both Business Information Technology and Organizational Sociology which makes clear that he is interested in the impact of technology on human behavior.
More on André Helderman.
Thank you for your interesting post. I find the privacy discussion really important and also really difficult. I’m struggling with the following two privacy arguments:
1) “Privacy is not intended for the majority; they don’t need it that much. Minorities do. People who think different; people which are vulnerable; people who don’t fit in, even if a small way.”
—> Do you have an example (maybe from the past) where minorities needed to discuss things without the government knowing? (I can think of examples like WWII or the Arab Spring when the government couldn’t be trusted, but can’t think of any when corruption has diminished to nihilistic proportions and the democratic system is really internalised such as in Western countries.)
2) “Do we want governments to be so powerful that every deviation from what is allowed is noticed? Such a government would block all progress since positive changes in laws always start by violating existing laws.”
—> This is not my opinion yet, but a thought experiment: Can’t we have a government that “knows” everything but only acts on big risks/issues? So there’s a threshold for acting and a balance between (semi)privacy and security? For example: when I’m saying to a friend I’m going to drive 55 Kmh instead of 50 kmh they don’t send policedrones to check, but when I say I just bought an illegal gun and I’m going to murder someone they will send someone to check? We don’t want a Thought Police, but we want a police that acts as soon as possible on serious threaths. For this balance it’s really important our democratic system is not corrupted and that we built in enough safeguards and boundaries for people in power who want to misbehave AND that we build in enough space/freedom for people with unpopular opinions to express themselves and get attention of the public?
I’m curious to what you think :).
I love thought experiments so I am happy to think with you.
When you live in a relatively liberal country like the Netherlands I can imagine you are not too concerned about privacy. However, there are many countries with governments where deviating from the majority is far less accepted when it comes to opinions, religion, sexuality, cloths, behaviour etc. And as Snowden says: “you are always one election away from a new governmernt”. Recent US elections made that even more clear.
I think a society needs people who deviate from the majority. Things like slavery and apartheid ended because of people who dared to have different opinions and break the rules. When governments would have “known everything” those people would have been broken from the start.
A much smaller and “close by” exampel: in the Netherlands I ignore red lights at a pedestrian crossing pretty often. Technically (IoT) it would be easy to detect that and give me automatic penalties. But do we really want a society where everyone literally “walks in line”? I don’t think I do.
So, if a government is 100% ethical (if we would even know what that means!) it may indeed not be an issue if they know everything but I am afraid that is not realistic.
I hope for more contributions on this topic.